Introduction to HTML
Let us learn HTML in this tutorial series
What is HTML ?
HTML full form is Hypertext Markup Language.
HTML is a computer language containes codewords and syntax, like other languages.
HTML is the standardised markup language used for Webpages.
HTML defines the structure of the Web Pages.
Who Invented HTML ?
HyperText Markup Language is first developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1990, Its Main purpose is to create Webpages for displaying on the World Wide Web.
Definition of HTML ?
HTML full form is HyperText Markup Language.
This is the method by which we can move to any page in the web.
This is nothing by the HyperLinks, by clicking on it we can navigate to any part of the web.
Hyper actually means jumping from one place to another inside the web.
This defines the HTML Tags functionalities executed for the text inside the WebPage, Like making Bold, Italics for the Text in the webpage.
It is a Computer Language which containes code-words and syntax like other languages.
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Why we should learn HTML ?
HTML is the base for Website Designing.
HTML is the authorised language used to create Webpages
HTML is authorised standard for describing the structure and presentation of information via the Internet.
HTML is so easy to learn.
What are the features of HTML ?
HTML is very easy to learn and its simple to understand.
HTML Tags will provides the effective beautiful webpages.
HTML provides flexiblity in formatting Text in the webpages.
HTML provides ANCHOR tag, by which we can navigate to so many pages in the web.
HTML is a platform independent language, it can work effectivly in all environment like Windows, Linnux, Mac OS.
HTML provided embedding Graphics, Videos and Sound inside the webpage which makes the the webpage more interactive.
HTML is not a case-sensitive language, we can write code in upper-case or lower-case.
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What is the syntax of HTML ?
HTML can be written by using html inbuilt tags.
These tags can be declared with special charecters <, >, / .
What are HTML tags ?
HTML defines the structure of Web pages using markup language.
HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages.
HTML elements are represented by tags.
HTML tags label pieces of content such as “heading”, “paragraph”, “table”, and so on.
What are the uses of HTML tags ?
HTML tag indicates the browser that this is an HTML document.
HTML tag represents the root of an HTML document.
HTML tag is the container for all other HTML elements except for the <!DOCTYPE> tag.
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What is the basic structure of HTML Webpage ?
HTML webpage comprises of HTML elements represented as HTML tags with proper syntax.
Here we can mention the document title and other information used by search engines.
Here we can mention all the text and instructions for the document.
How to write a HTML file ?
1. Open a TextEditor in any Environment say Windows/Linux/MacOS.
2. Type the code as
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title> HTML Example </title> </head> <body> This is the body of the HTML Page </body> </html>
3. Save the file with extension .html as MyNewFile.html
4. Open the file in Web-Browser.
5. We can find the HTML Document in Web-Browser.
6. We can find the Title in the Web-browser (HTML Example).
7. We can find the HTML Body in the Web-Browser (This is the body of the HTML Page).
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What is a DOCTYPE in html ?
DOCTYPE should be declared first before entering the HTML tags.
DOCTYPE is not a html element or a tag.
DOCTYPE is used to provide instructions to the web browser about what version of HTML the page is written.
DOCTYPE is supported in all the browsers.
How to declare DOCTYPE ?
DOCTYPE declaration differs from versions of documents created by the user.
For HTML 5,
For HTML 4.01 Strict,
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC “-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN” “http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd”>
For HTML 4.01 Transitional,
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
For HTML 4.01 Frameset,
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Frameset//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/frameset.dtd">
For XHTML 1.0 Strict,
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
For XHTML 1.0 Transitional,
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
For XHTML 1.0 Frameset,
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Frameset//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-frameset.dtd">
For XHTML 1.1,
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
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What are the advantages of HTML ?
HTML is very easy to learn,It containes simple tags.
HTML language is supported by all the browsers.
HTML is open-source and its Free.
HTML is the Standardised Protocol used for designing WebPages.
HTML is not a case-sensitive language, so we can write the code in upper-case or lower-case.
HTML is platform independent lannguage, it works in all the environment like Windows/Liux/MacOS.
HTML is easy to edit and format, since tags are so simple.
HTML supports multiple programming language.
What are the disadvantages of HTML ?
We need to write lot of HTML code for making simple webpage.
HTML is not centralized (we have to edit all pages individually).
HTML can create only static and plain pages so if we need dynamic pages then HTML is not useful.
In HTML Security features are not good.
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